[OPE-L:5701] [DUNCAN] Re: The Six Percent Solution

Gerald Levy (glevy@PRATT.EDU)
Tue, 11 Nov 1997 05:19:39 -0500 (EST)

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[If you receive more than one copy, please excuse. This is also serving as
a test to see if we are back up again./ In solidarity, Jerry]

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Mon, 10 Nov 1997 21:31:46 -0500 (EST)
From: Gerald Levy <glevy@pratt.edu>
To: ope-l@galaxy.csuchico.edu
Cc: multiple recipients of list <ope-l@galaxy.csuchico.edu>
Subject: [OPE-L:5701] [DUNCAN] Re: The Six Percent Solution

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Fri, 7 Nov 1997 16:59:44 -0500 (EST)
From: "Duncan K. Foley" <dkf2@columbia.edu>

This kind of think doesn't move the discussion along very fast. It is true
that modern labor is extremely productive, though I don't believe their
estimate of the rate of exploitation--in U.S. manufacturing, using
production labor as a proxy for productive labor, you get a rate of
exploitation more like 3--3.5 rather than 15.

But the Critique of the Gotha Programme is way ahead of this in terms of
trying to come to grips with the problem of organizing a post-capitalist
society, and it is pretty weak on the whole question of politics and
governance. How can one tell the difference between a hierarchy and a
bureaucracy and an apparatus for the popular control of production?


>In the essay by the Kamunist Kranti group on "Reflections on Marx's
>Critique of Political Economy", the authors put forward the following
>"startling findings" in the section on "What is Useful Social Labour?":
> "1. Ninety-four percent of [the] total produce of humanity is
> used for the maintenance and perpetuation of hierarchies.

>How they came to the figures of 94% and 6%, I wasn't able to determine.
>The above strikes me as being hopelessly optimistic and utopian with only
>a marginal connection to reality. What do others think?
>In solidarity, Jerry

Duncan K. Foley
Department of Economics
Barnard College
New York, NY 10027
fax: (212)-854-8947
e-mail: dkf2@columbia.edu