[OPE-L] GPM, "Critica al neomarxista Samir Amin"

From: Jurriaan Bendien (adsl675281@TISCALI.NL)
Date: Sun Dec 02 2007 - 05:58:00 EST

As far as I know, "Neo-Marxism" is a loose term to refer to various
intellectual approaches (mostly post-WW2)  which amend, modify or extend
(orthodox or classical) Marxist theory, usually by including insights from
other intellectual traditions. Examples would be the theories of the
Frankfurt school, the "surplus approach" pioneered by Paul Baran, EO
Wright's Marxist sociology or Althusser's structuralist Marxism.

The presumption of the "neo-" stance  is, that some aspects of Marxist
orthodoxy are either inadequate or faulty, and therefore that some other
theorems need to be added.

The force of the "neo-" distinction therefore depends very much on how
Marxist orthodoxy or classical Marxism is defined. For example, Lukacs
defined Marxist orthodoxy exclusively in terms of adherence to Marx's own
method, and not in terms of any particular Marxist doctrine or result. In
that case, neo-Marxism would be defined as an approach which in some
respects deviates from Marx's own method (if we can agree what it is).

However, notions of  "orthodox Marxism" and "classical Marxism" are
themselves highly suspect (since Kautsky, Lenin, Trotsky, Luxemburg, Stalin,
Gramsci and others also modified some of Marx's insights) and therefore what
is "neo-" about neo-Marxism is a controversial matter. It presupposes that
we can define the necessary and sufficient conditions that distinguish
Marxism from all other approaches.


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