From: Jerry Levy (Gerald_A_Levy@MSN.COM)
Date: Sat May 27 2006 - 10:10:48 EDT
Fred, In the following you assert that "each and every worker produces surplus-value" and that the "average worker" (which "represents all workers together") produces surplus-value. This is a very odd formulation -- especially from you -- since it assumes that all labor performed by workers is productive of surplus-value (i.e. productive labor as a proportion of the total labor equals 100%; unproductive labor as a proportion of the total labor performed by wage-workers equals 0%). Yet, in some of your published writings you emphasize the importance, and the growing importance, of unproductive labor in relation to the process of capitalist accumulation. Ce' pasa? In solidarity, Jerry > Each and every worker produces surplus-value. The quantity of > surplus-value produced by each worker (Si) is determined by the surplus > labor of each worker (SLi), as follows: > > Si = m SLi = m (CLi - NLi) (CL is current labor) > (NL is necessary labor) > > The total surplus-value produced by the working class as a whole is > determined by adding up the surplus-value produced by each individual > worker: > > S = sum (Si) > > This total surplus-value is subsequently divided into individual parts: > average industrial profit, commercial profit, interest, and rent. > > One could also say that the individual worker analyzed in Volume 1 is the > average worker. Then the total surplus-value would be determined by: > > S = n Sa > > The average worker represents all workers together. The average worker is > the average of all workers.
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