[OPE-L] _Rethinking Marxism_ Symposium on "Class and Its Others and Re/Presenting Class"

From: Gerald_A_Levy@MSN.COM
Date: Sat Jan 29 2005 - 07:57:01 EST

> a journal of economics, culture & society
> VOL 17 No 1
> JANUARY 2005
> Focusing and expanding class analysis
> Jonathan Diskin
> This paper reviews the modalities of Marxian class analysis in two
> recent edited volumes, Class and Its Others and Re/Presenting Class:
> Essays in Postmodern Marxism, edited by Stephen Resnick, Richard Wolff,
> and J. K. Gibson-Graham. The essays in these volumes focus Marxian
> class analysis--by adopting a specific Marxian conception of class as
> the processes of producing (or performing), appropriating, and
> distributing surplus labor time--and expand that class analysis--by
> specifying the conditions of existence of class processes in concrete
> cases in a series of provocative class narratives and analyses.
> Class novelties: distributive processes and lived experiences
> Evan Watkins
> There were a lot of complaints in the late seventies and through the
> eighties that "class" was being left out of the triple mantra of
> race/gender/class. Race and gender were being theorized in all kinds of
> new and productive ways; class was not. In fact, there were a number of
> ways in which class was taken up across the theory spectrum of the
> eighties. But arguably Stephen Resnick and Richard Wolff developed the
> most comprehensive theory of class and class relations in their 1987
> book, Knowledge and Class: A Marxian Critique of Political Economy.
> These two collections of essays contribute to and extend that
> path-breaking effort.
> The other of class
> Andrew Parker
> Class and Its Others is a landmark collection of adventurous and often
> surprising essays that move well beyond what have become the
> shibboleths of antiessentialism to imagining new objects and discourses
> of class analysis. But how much aleatoriness can materialism absorb and
> still remain S materialist? Is the economic any less "itself" when
> conceived as an "entry point" rather than a ground? Can a specifically
> Marxist understanding of class survive an encounter with forms of
> otherness that may not be its own?
> Class analysis and politics: pushing the boundaries
> S. Charusheela
> This review essay highlights postmodern Marxism's ability to address
> issues of social change without modernism, Eurocentrism, telos, and
> essentialism. By raising questions about how we define the distinctions
> between modes of production and how we theorize spaces of
> transformative hope, the essay suggests that postmodern Marxist
> scholarship can go still further. Focusing on communal subject
> formation, the essay suggests that the tools for addressing these
> limits may be found within postmodern Marxist scholarship itself and
> argues that, if pushed further, the political tensions that the arena
> of collective subject formation creates can be usefully unpacked by
> postmodern Marxists in productive ways.
> E pluribus multa
> Susan F. Feiner
> This paper discusses the "postmodern Marxism" of Class and Its Others,
> edited by Stephen Resnick, Richard Wolff, and J. K. Gibson-Graham. Four
> extensions of the postmodern move are particularly significant:
> providing an operational (economic) definition of exploitation,
> insisting on "close reading," grounding coalition politics in class
> analysis, and insisting on plural meanings.
> The point and purpose of Marx's notion of class
> Stephen Resnick & Richard Wolff
> This response to comments made on Class and Its Others and
> Re/Presenting Class explains why class exploitation conceived in Marx's
> surplus labor terms is an outrage. The point of Marx's class analysis
> is to expose this outrage and its pernicious effects on our lives. The
> hope is that the resulting awareness will motivate us to eliminate it
> from our lives, much like any other socially recognized disease or
> crime. Working for that elimination is a new kind of politics, one
> aimed squarely at placing workers who produced the surplus in the
> position to collectively appropriate it.
> Dilemmas of theorizing class
> J. K. Gibson-graham
> Pushed by our reviewers to revisit perennial (meta)theoretical
> questions and choices, we confront once again the dilemmas of
> theorizing. Should we emphasize the emptiness or fullness of
> categories? What historical baggage comes with our theoretical
> categories and what violence does theory do to history and geography?
> Must we sacrifice the heterogeneity within categories to constitute
> differences between them? Can a category function simultaneously as a
> ground and a product of analysis? Is there a virtue in consistency?
> Should theory identify limits or explore possibilities, or should it
> always do both? What constitutes a broadening of the theoretical
> imagination?
> Why I left Alan Greenspan to seek economic significance: the
> confessions of an a-male
> Stephen T. Ziliak
> If progressive economists are serious about changing what is valued in
> the economics research paper--and therefore in real-world
> decisionmaking in courts and hospitals and the World Bank--they should
> insist in their own research journals that current usage of statistical
> significance has no theoretical justification. If Marxist journals
> hurry up and change their ways they can beat to the punch the most
> prestigious journal of economics in the world, the American Economic
> Review, which, this paper shows, is filled with reports of statistical
> significance but not with reports of what we really want, economic or
> substantive significance. In empirical economics size, not fit, is what
> matters, but the mainstream comes up short. Likewise, testing for fit
> but not size is hurting  Marxist analysis and the world. People
> standing for jobs and justice and human lives should do better. No
> size, we should say, no significance.
> Gender and Marx's radical humanism in the economic and philosophic
> manuscripts of 1844
> Judith Grant
> Marx speaks of "human" as a starting point for his discussion of
> infinite variability, mutability, and differences among human beings.
> In this article, I unpack Marx's notion of "species-being" in order to
> establish Marx's idea about the historical nature of human beings. I
> then go on to show how Marx viewed the male/female relation as an
> indicator of the development of a nonanimalistic human. I conclude by
> showing how Marxian humanism is radically socially constructivist yet
> is allied with an active political "subject." I conclude by showing how
> Marxian humanism can benefit feminist and queer theories.
> Sans vue (or: How I learned to stop worrying and love the media)
> Rene Gabri & Richard Gabri
> Rene Gabri and Richard Gabri, armed with the insights of Paul Virilio
> concerning the 4th  Front, present readers with the intellectual
> process and material they have been using to produce their video,
> OOSans Vue.ıı What they offer us in these pages is an active
> engagement/an approach that encourages various modes of reading,
> writing, or viewing the television coverage of the war --so that we can
> join them in understanding how the media and the war have been
> represented in each other. Gabri and Gabri are even more intent on
> constructing the mechanisms and tools of resistance and critique in
> order to struggle for a OOmedia to come,ıı which will not so readily
> bow down to and serve the goals of empire.
> On Althusser's immanentist structuralism: reading Montag reading
> Althusser reading Spinoza
> Giorgos Fourtounis
> This article investigates the way in which the Althusserian notions of
> structure and structural causality, elaborated in his early work and
> especially in Reading Capital, are constructed on the basis of the
> Spinozist concept of immanent causality. In particular, it argues that
> this construction necessarily involves a novel, radical conception of
> the whole, an "immanent holism," opposing the two complementary,
> traditional conceptions of the whole, the atomistic and the
> transcendent. Further, this novelty is the counterpart of a necessary,
> constitutive tension of the notion in question.
> Whipping boy or ally? rethinking Dewey on education and capitalism
> Masato Aoki
> This article facilitates allied Marxist-pragmatist investigation of
> class/education interactions by analyzing the methodological and
> thematic compatibility between postmodern Marxism (overdetermination,
> contradiction, surplus-labor concept of class) and antifoundationalist
> Deweyan pragmatism (reflexive experience, contextualist metaphysics,
> reorganizing experience). The article traces Marxism's historical
> antagonism toward pragmatism to traditional Marxism's structuralist and
> humanist tendencies; describes postmodern Marxism's antiessentialist
> method; interprets Deweyan pragmatism, emphasizing its
> antifoundationalist ontological stance; and reframes Dewey's support of
> capitalism within pragmatism's radical openness and rejection of
> developmental endpoints. The article suggests lines of inquiry that
> could be jointly pursued in an ongoing critical discourse between
> postmodern Marxism and pragmatism.
> Remarx
> Jonathan Scott
> This essay is a criticism of the prevailing theory of multiculturalism.
> It focuses on the absence in the discourse of multiculturalism of the
> "white identity," in particular the history of white racial oppression
> in U.S. society and how this system of social control continues to
> block a class-struggle approach to diversity and difference. An
> alternative theory of multiculturalism is proposed through the "hip-hop
> nation." The argument is that an authentic form of multiculturalism,
> embodied by hip-hop music and culure, has existed for more than twenty
> years, yet the official discourse of multiculturalism has ignored its
> possibilities for expanding multiculturalism and deepening its base. A
> "white blindspot" in multiculturalism appears to be responsible for
> this omission.
> Reviews
> Boone Shear reviews Pem Davidson Buckıs  Worked to the Bone: Race,
> Class, and Privilege in Kentucky, which traces the effects of race and
> its conflation with class in consolidating elite power in U.S. history.
> Shearıs conclusion is that Buck has devised OOan elegantly simple
> modelıı that shows both how the system works and how future
> transformations are possible.
> In the second review, Clifford Staples is less convinced that Andrew
> Levineıs book, A Future for Marxism? Althusser, the Analytical Turn,
> and the Revival of Socialist Theory, represents a way forward. Staples
> faults Levine for dismissing both the relevance of the New Left
> (because it failed to appreciate the disappearance of the proletariat
> and, with it, a revolutionary subject) and Althusserıs contributions to
> Marxism (siding, instead, with the work of the Analytical Marxists).
> A project of the Association for Economic and Social Analysis (AESA),
> Rethinking Marxism (RM) has become
>   recognized as one of the premier interdisciplinary journals on the
> Left. Now in its seventeenth year of publication,
>   RM aims to stimulate interest in and debate over the explanatory power
> and social consequences of Marxian economic, cultural, and social
> analysis. <snip, JL>

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