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In [OPE-L:3120], Alfredo cites Marx's 7/11//68 letter to Kugelmann.
In that letter Marx wrote, immediately after the famous two sentences
about what "every child knows":
"That this necessity of distributing social labour in
definite proportions cannot be done away with by the
*particular form* of social production, but can only
change the *form it assumes*, is self evident. No
NATURAL LAWS can be done away with. What can change,
in changing historical circumstances, is the *form*
in which these laws operate. And the form in which
the proportional division of labour operates, in a
state of society where the interconnection of social
labour is manifested in the *private exchange* of
the individual products of labour, is precisely
the *exchange value* of these products" (CAPITALIZATION
added for emphasis, JL).
This raises a number of questions:
(1) What is the status of "natural laws" in Marx's perspective on
capitalism (and other modes of production)?
(2) Can the above be accurately said to be a "natural law"? How
has the meaning of the expression "natural laws" changed since
(3) Using the contemporary sense of the term, are there: a) any
natural laws of capitalism?; b) any natural laws which are
of necessity associated with all modes of production?
(4) How was Marx's perspective on "natural law" influenced by
the state of philosophy and science during his own lifetime?
E.g. how was it influenced by Hegel? ... by Darwin?, ...
In solidarity, Jerry
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