[OPE] Diversity and Unity

From: dogangoecmen@aol.com
Date: Tue Apr 08 2008 - 03:47:17 EDT


By this I refer back to a long-standing debate on identity and diversity since Leibniz's critique of the concept of identity in Locke.
Put into one sentence I mean by this the relational approach as evolved since then and used in the works of Adam Smith, G. W. F. Hegel, Marx and in the works of Rosa Luxemburg. Relational approach differs fundamentally from methodological individualism. And I take methodological pluralism just as another form of methodological individualism. Leibniz's argument against Locke is that we cannot take the concept of identity as an absolute concept. Otherwise we cannot explain the motion, development and change. To account for the diversity (since this is what the concept of identity suggests: difference is absolute) we have to refer to the concept of unity . The concept of identity takes parts of a whole as isolated and absolute - in relation to the parts as well as in relation to the whole. This static mode of thinking I call dogmatism and methodological pluralism as I understand it refers to this mode of thinking.  The concept of dialectical unity of diversity takes  the concept of identity as relative and understands the whole as something that underlies as a whole to all parts. It can therefore refer beside to particular (difference) to the concept of the universal (identity) as the genesis of the difference. This concept is explored in Hegel's Science of Logic in various forms. So for example when he explores the relationship between the universal and the particular or when he explores the relationship between the whole and parts. However, there is another reason why I call methodological pluralism dogmatic. It rejects in various forms to account for truth. If you want to see what I mean by that please refer to Rosa Luxemburg's discussion in the first, say, 10 - 15 pages in her Introduction into Political Economy. There Luxemburg is criticising methodological individualism as well as methodological pluralism. I mean exactly those passages where she explores different units and spheres of production as parts of the whole (totality).

Thank you for your question

-----Ursprüngliche Mitteilung----- 
Von: Paul Zarembka <zarembka@buffalo.edu>
An: Outline on Political Economy mailing list <ope@lists.csuchico.edu>
Verschickt: Mo., 7. Apr. 2008, 20:43
Thema: Re: [OPE] Duccio Cavalieri


What do you mean by the below? 


--On 4/6/2008 3:34 PM -0400 dogangoecmen@aol.com wrote: 

> ... I rather think with Hegel that any approach 

> that does not see unity in diversity tends to be dogmatic. 


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