[OPE-L] (Fwd) New WB book - required reading for Zoellick and his enemies

From: Patrick Bond (pbond@MAIL.NGO.ZA)
Date: Mon Jun 11 2007 - 13:20:27 EDT

The World Bank:
Poverty, Development and Global Hegemony

Edited by David Moore, published by University of KwaZulu-Natal Press,
South Africa (June 2007)

ISBN 978 1 86914 100 4


David Moore, Economic History and Development Studies, University of
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Introduction: The World Bank and its Presidents: Sheepskinned Wolves or
Naked Emperors?

I. Ideas and Hegemony

1) David Moore, Economic History and Development Studies, University of
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
The World Bank and the Gramsci Effect: Towards a Transnational State and
Global Hegemony?

2) Scott Macwilliam, Centre for Development Studies, Australian National
University, Australia
Plenty of Poverty or the Poverty of Plenty? The World Bank at the Turn
of the Millennium

3) David Williams, Political Science, Oxford University
Constructing the Economic Space: The World Bank and the Making of Homo

4) Ben Fine, Economics, School of African and Oriental Studies
The Developmental State is Dead – Long Live Social Capital?

5) Thomas Wanner, Flinders University, Australia
The Bank’s Greenspeak, the Power of Knowledge and Sustainable Development

II Constructing Hegemony: Politics and States

6) Susanne Schech and Sanjugta vas Dev, Centre for Development Studies,
Flinders University, Austgralia
Governing Through Participation? The World Bank’s New Approach to the Poor

7) David Williams and Tom Young, Politics, Oxford University and School
of Oriental and African Studies
The World Bank and the Liberal Project

8) David Moore, Economic History and Development Studies, University of
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
“Sail On, O Ship of State:” Neo-liberalism, Globalisation and the
Governance of Africa

III. Towards Hegemony in Asia and Africa

9) Robert Wade, London School of Economics
Debating the East Asian Miracle

10) Mark T. Berger and Mark Beeson, Modern History and Politics,
University of New South Wales, Australia
Miracles of Modernisation and Crises of Capitalism: The World Bank, East
Asian Development and Liberal Hegemony”

11) Henry Bernstein, Development Studies, School of Oriental and African
Studies, Britain
Structural Adjustment and African Agriculture: A Retrospect

12) Graham Harrison, Politics, University of Sheffield, Britain
The World Bank and the Construction of Governance States in Africa

13) David Moore, Economic History and Development Studies, University of
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Levelling the Playing Fields and Embedding Illusions: “Post-Conflict”
Discourse and Neo-liberal “Development” in War-torn Africa

IV. Critique, Challenge and Change

14) Richard Pithouse, Centre for Civil Society, University of
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Producing the Poor: The World Bank’s New Discourse of Domination

15) Marcus Taylor and Susanne Soederberg, International Development
Studies, Queen’s University, Canada
The King is Dead (Long Live the King?) - From Wolfensohn to Wolfowitz at
the World Bank

16) Patrick Bond, School of Development Studies and Centre for Civil
Society, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Civil Society and Wolfowitz’s World Bank: Reform or Rejection Revisited



As the World Bank goes through its sixth decade and its opponents 
continue with the slogan '(how ever many) years are enough' it is time 
to gather the last decade and a half's radical analytical assessments of 
the world's most visible development institution. They must be assessed 
and reassessed, and new critiques must be built on their shoulders. This 
is the intention of this book. Some of the works that must be considered 
classical are here reproduced in their pristine state, others of that 
genre have been revisited by their authors, more are refinements of the 
trails blazed by the 'originals' in the field, while still more are new 
entrants taking the field of what could be labeled 'World Bank studies' 
into uncharted territory. They all confront major World Bank documents 
or intellectual turning points marking significant attempts for the Bank 
to break new ground in development discourse - to make new efforts to 
alter the hegemonic contours of the intelligentsia and political actors 
working on the terrain of the 'third world's' uneven capitalist 
transformations, but without challenging the essentials of its project. 
To the original critical accounts of the trials and tribulations of the 
Bank, built on historical materialist foundations, more ideational, 
post-structural, and even philosophical studies have been added - just 
as the Bank itself has moved from being an institution based in 
'economics' to one grabbing on to every other social sector and its 
'science'. To make it easy for readers to know whether the chapters are 
'original and unchanged', re-visited by their authors in the light of 
this project, or specially commissioned for this book, each chapter will 
be identified with those categories. It is hoped the whole makes up more 
than the sum of its parts, and a consistent and rigorous intellectual 
challenge to the Bank's assumptions emerges by the last page.

It will be up to readers to decide whether or not this author's attempt 
at a Gramscian understanding of the Bank is enough to bring together the 
old, the new and the revisited, but certainly anyone who took seriously 
past-president James Wolfensohn's efforts to bring in all the 
institution's critics onside to a friendly neoliberal project could not 
have failed to see efforts at hegemony - attempts to co-opt and persuade 
opponents that they could be incorporated into a moral and material 
project - working at their hardest (Mallaby 2005, Goldman 2005). 
Conversely, the second Wolf's (Paul Wolfowitz) attempts to move with a 
contradictory blend of neoliberalism and neo-conservativism along his 
peers' lines will show whether or not the Bank has a deeply engrained 
momentum of its own (see Taylor and Soederberg's chapter) or will move 
in radically different, if as yet unclear, directions (see Bond's 
concluding chapter) entailing drastic new configurations and hegemonic 
contours. These will, of course, condition the strategies of those 
critical of the Bank. Be they reformers who might have been 
half-heartedly co-operative with the Wolfensohnian tenor of reform and 
restructuring, or those who see the two wolves as sharing essentially 
the same skin - and maybe, secretly, glad to see the second more willing 
to expose it - their efforts of criticism and alternatives will have to 
change with the new regime and the new 'world order' it represents.

These chapters will, hopefully, constitute at least part of a foundation 
for these new constructions. As William Robinson (2005: 14) has written 
recently, 'sound theoretical understandings are crucial if we hope to 
intervene effectively' as resolutions emerge in response to the 
structural and hegemonic crises in which our emergent global society is 
immersed. The World Bank is a key structural and ideological component 
of an unevenly developing 'transnational state' tasked to ameliorate the 
contradictions of a global political economy fraught with more tensions 
than in any other period since the end of the Cold War. If these 
chapters help at all to gain a 'more nuanced theoretical [and empirical] 
understanding of emergent global social structures' and the beliefs of 
those who are in charge of them, then it just might be that 'the power 
of collective agencies to influence history' at such 'time of crisis' 
(Robinson 2005: 14) will be augmented to some extent.

David Moore, Durban

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