From: Paul Cockshott (wpc@DCS.GLA.AC.UK)
Date: Thu Sep 29 2005 - 04:59:08 EDT
Diego Guerrero wrote: > /Paul C. wrote:/ > // > /Table 1 > > iron corn labour output surplus > > iron 440 1100 110 825 185 > corn 100 500 50 2250 550 > silk 100 100 20 1000 1000 > totals 640 1700 180 > / > > *But how do you sum the different physical inputs in order to obtain > those "totals"? Total of what? You need to use either (labour) time or > another unknown physical property (common to all commodities) that you > should mention. If not, you must be using monetary prices (ie, ratios of > labour times used in producing commodities and money).* > *Yours,* > * Diego* > > > Reading my reply to you last night I can see that it was too cryptic. Let me explain more clearly. The column labeled IRON would all be measured in Kilos of iron per annum the column labeled CORN would all be measured in some standard volume, say liters of corn the column labeled LABOUR would measure the number of people working since labour is person hours, and we are looking at annual figures so person hours/year amounts to persons. the submatrix represented by the columns output and surplus will be typed by row, with the units being kilos of iron per year for the first row, the second row would be liters of corn per year, the final row would be square meters of silk per year. In this form the structure is what one would need for detailed socialist planning in-natura as originally proposed by Neurath and then elaborated by Lange. Of course if one is doing empirical work in a capitalist country you do not have access to such in-natura statistics. Instead one has to work from the monetary aggregates that you discuss. But this is a reflection of the inadequacy of the statistics collected by the state. The physical quantities exist, and are recorded in a dispersed way in the records of the companies making the products. In principle the data could be collected even though, in a capitalist economy, the state sees no need to collect the data.
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