Re: Marx's original manuscript of Volume 3

From: Fred Moseley (fmoseley@MTHOLYOKE.EDU)
Date: Tue Jun 29 2004 - 10:26:40 EDT

Mike, thanks for your message.
Sorry I forgot the attachment.
This time it is attached.


On Sun, 27 Jun 2004, michael a. lebowitz wrote:

> Date: Sun, 27 Jun 2004 10:50:55 -0700
> From: michael a. lebowitz <mlebowit@SFU.CA>
> Subject: Re: Marx's original manuscript of Volume 3
> Fred,
>          This is all fascinating, and I am delighted that you and Regina
> have raised these matters on OPE-L. Getting an English-language publisher
> certainly would be important. You mentioned that you were attaching your
> introduction; I didn't receive that.
>          in solidarity,
>           michael
> At 19:30 26/06/2004, you wrote:
> >Recent new listmember Regina Roth (welcome, Regina!) mentioned in her
> >self-introduction that she and I had co-edited an issue of the
> >International Journal of Political Economy on Marx's original manuscript
> >of what later became Volume 3 of Capital, written in 1864-65.
> >
> > > Recently, I wrote some articles on Marx's manuscripts
> > > of the 1870s (in: Studies in Marxism) and on the  relationship between
> > > the author Marx and the editor Engels (in: Rethinking Marxism), and,
> > > together with Fred Moseley, I edited an issue of IJPE on "Marx, Engels
> > > and the text of volume 3 of _Capital_" (in print)
> >
> >So I have attached a copy of our introduction to this issue, in case any
> >listmembers might be interested.
> >
> >
> >Most of you probably know that Marx's original manuscript of what later
> >became Volume 3 was published for the first time in the early 1990s in
> >German, as part of the new 150- volume authoritative Marx-Engels
> >Gesamtausgabe (MEGA).  For the first time, Marxian scholars (who read
> >German) have had the opportunity to examine Marx's actual manuscript, and
> >compare it to Engels' edited version.  Unfortunately, this important
> >manuscript has not and will not be included in the English 50-volume
> >Marx-Engels Collected Works (MECW), published by International Publishers
> >(I think obtaining a publisher for an English translation of this crucial
> >volume should be a top priority for English-speaking Marxian scholars).
> >
> >The forthcoming issue of the IJPE presents four articles that discuss
> >Marx's original manuscript, and the differences between Marx's manuscript
> >and Engels' edited version.  All four articles are written by past or
> >present editors of the MEGA.  Regina herself is now an MEGA editor.  I am
> >very glad that she has joined OPEL.
> >
> >
> >My own general conclusion from reading these articles is that, in terms of
> >content, the difference between Marx's manuscript and Engels's edited
> >version is not that great (with a few exceptions).  The main difference is
> >that Engels made the manuscript look much more complete and finished than
> >it actually was, especially by breaking the manuscript into chapters and
> >sections, with titles, etc., especially in Part 3 and most of all in Part
> >5 (much of which is little more than a collection of  excerpts); and in
> >addition adding whole paragraphs and pages and even sections (most of
> >which are indicated in the text as Engels' addition, but not all)
> >
> >One interesting thing that I learned from Regina in writing the
> >introduction together is that there are several different versions of
> >Chapter 1 of Volume 3.  In addition to the 1864 version, there are also 4
> >other versions of the beginning of the chapter (ranging from 2 pages to 8
> >pages long), dating from 1867-68.  There is an important conceptual change
> >between the 1864 draft and the 1867-68 drafts - more emphasis is placed on
> >the concept of COST PRICE in the latter draft.  Chapter 1 in the 1864
> >manuscript (and in the previous drafts and outlines of "Volume 3") is
> >entitled "Surplus-value and Profit".  The 1867-68 versions are entitled
> >"Cost Price and Profit."  Engels selected a mixture of these different
> >drafts, with emphasis on the later drafts, because Marx had emphasized to
> >him the concept of cost price in a letter in April 1868.  (This letter by
> >the way is very helpful for an understanding of Volume 3.  It lays out the
> >overall logic of the volume, and presents a concise summary of each part)
> >
> >[A question for Regina: exactly when were the 1867-68 manuscripts
> >written?  How close were the dates to the date of this important letter of
> >30 April 1868?  I wonder if these drafts of Chapter 1 were the main
> >impetus for Marx's letter?  The letter has always seemed to "come out of
> >the blue", because I thought Marx was mainly preoccupied during this
> >period with the publication of Volume 1 in late 1867.  I didn't know that
> >Marx was also reworking Chapter 1 of Volume 3 during this period.  Regina,
> >was Marx also working on other parts of Volume 3 during 1867-68, or only
> >Chapter 1?]
> >
> >I think Marx decided to emphasize the concept of cost price more, because
> >he had come to realize more clearly its importance for the determination
> >of prices of production (prices of production  are equal to cost price +
> >average profit).  So this is an interesting and important piece of the
> >development and evolution of Marx's thinking.
> >
> >These alternative beginnings are scheduled to be published in the MEGA (in
> >German) in 2005.  Unfortunately again, these alternative beginnings will
> >not be included in the English MECW.  Regina and I are trying to figure
> >out a way to have these alternative beginnings translated into English and
> >published.  Unfortunately a third time, Paul Mattick is no longer editor
> >of the IJPE, so that outlet is no longer open.  If anyone has any
> >suggestion, I would very much appreciate hearing from you.
> >
> >
> >Comradely,
> >Fred
> ---------------------
> Michael A. Lebowitz
> Professor Emeritus
> Economics Department
> Simon Fraser University
> Burnaby, B.C., Canada V5A 1S6
> Office Fax:   (604) 291-5944
> Home:   Phone (604) 689-9510

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.5 : Fri Jul 02 2004 - 00:00:02 EDT