From: Gerald A. Levy (Gerald_A_Levy@MSN.COM)
Date: Wed Feb 18 2004 - 10:07:26 EST
Re: (OPE-L) logical order and historical orderHello again Jairus: >>> A possible way forward is to see how Hegel defines the relationship between the history of philosophy and the 'system' of philosophy in the introduction to his Lectures on the History of Philosophy. He provides a solution of sorts but one which involves writing 'essential histories'... <<< What is the exact reference? I looked again through the "Introduction" (116 pages in the Haldane and Simson translation), along with my marginal notes, and couldn't find the section you are alluding to. In solidarity, Jerry *PS on Hegel, Marx and History*: For Hegel, the concept of history, in particular 'Universal History': "is founded on the essential and actual aim, which actually is and will be realized in it -- the plan of Providence; that, in short, there is Reason in history, must be decided on strictly philosophic ground, and thus shown to be essentially and in fact necessary" (_Hegel's Philosophy of Mind_, Wallace translation, Oxford: 1971: p. 277). Clearly, Marx's conception of historical reason and necessity had no place for Spirit and "the plan of Providence." An appeal to necessity from a materialist perspective was reconstituted by Marx without an appeal to Providence. Yet, aren't there problematic *teleological* presuppositions in a vision which suggests that when the relations of production block the further development of the forces of production a revolution ensues and a historically more advanced mode of production is ushered in? In both the "Introduction" to the _Contribution_ and in other writings including _Capital_ there is an assertion of historical *inevitability*. In what sense are the trajectories and outcomes of social processes inevitable? In positing inevitability Marx may have been influenced by Darwin, but one can not presume that if there are necessary and inevitable outcomes in the theory of natural selection and evolution (and, in any event, even Darwinian theory allows for historically contingent events, like climatic change, to alter the evolutionary process) then social history also has necessary and inevitable outcomes.
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