From: Rakesh Bhandari (rakeshb@STANFORD.EDU)
Date: Thu Oct 30 2003 - 05:06:26 EST

  Marx, Theories of Surplus Value, Vol I, p. 353

'According to Hobbes *science*, not *operative labor*, is the mother of the

"Arts of public use, as fortications, making of engines, and other
instruments of war; because they confer to defence, and victory, are power;
and though the true mother of them, be *science, namely the mathematics*;
yet because they are brought into light by the hand of the artificer, they
be esteemed, the midwife passing with the vulgar for the mother, as his
issue" [Leviathan]

The product of mental labor--science--always stands far below its value,
because the labor time needed to reproduce it has no relation at all to the
labor time required for its initial production. For example, a schoolboy
can learn the binomial theorem in an hour."

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