Re: Plane beams broadcasts to Cuba

From: Paul Bullock (paulbullock@EBMS-LTD.CO.UK)
Date: Wed May 28 2003 - 15:26:42 EDT


Most cubans who have TV can easily get many US programmes and the 'soaps'
are  widely viewed. Satelite reception is perfectly common. I suspect it may
be the particular type of broadcast, the frequencies used for a start.  The
reason for such  broadcasts and their content should be the FIRST question
we should ask. I understand there are  various international agreements on
these matters, and unlike the US government Cuba has an excellent record of
maintaining its international agreements.


----- Original Message -----
From: "Michael Eldred" <artefact@T-ONLINE.DE>
Sent: Wednesday, May 28, 2003 4:49 PM
Subject: Re: Plane beams broadcasts to Cuba

> Cologne 28-May-2003
> Paul,
> Why does the Cuban regime resort to such measures as jamming? Why is
> this suppression of free speech necessary? Is the Cuban populace so
> susceptible to US propaganda and the regime so lacking in firm support
> amongst the population?
> I know from (former) East German friends how much they resented being
> "shielded" from Western propaganda. It was illegal in East Germany to
> watch West German TV or listen to West German radio. That does not say
> much for real-existing socialism as long as it existed.
> Michael
> _-_-_-_-_-_-_-  artefact text and translation _-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_
> _-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_- made by art  _-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_
> _-_
> _-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_ Dr Michael Eldred -_-_-
> _-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_
> Paul Bullock schrieb Tue, 27 May 2003 18:51:52 +0100:
> > Subject: Plane beams broadcasts to Cuba
> >
> > Plane beams broadcasts to Cuba
> >
> >
> > WASHINGTON - On orders from the White House, the Pentagon deployed a
special airplane this week to beam the signals of Radio and TV Mart? to
Cuba, using a technology that one administration official said ''breached
the wall'' of Cuban jamming efforts.
> >
> > ''The political green light is on'' to make the controversial
U.S.-operated stations more effective at reaching Cubans, said the senior
official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
> >
> > An Air Force EC-130 plane conducted the transmissions between 6:30 p.m.
and 10 p.m. Tuesday, several officials said. It operated within U.S.
airspace, not passing into Cuban territory.
> >
> > Cuba acknowledged that the United States had altered its normal
transmissions of the two stations, but said they were ineffective and hinted
that the Castro government might retaliate.
> >
> > ''Those transmissions did not constitute a technical success to be proud
of. Very few [Cubans] heard the noise,'' an editorial in the Communist Party
newspaper Granma said.
> >
> > ''The government of the United States should not forget that Cuban radio
might be heard on standard frequency in many American states,'' the
editorial added.
> >
> > The statement appeared to suggest that Cuba might consider boosting the
power of its own radio stations, a move that could disrupt the broadcasts of
commercial radio stations in South Florida.
> >
> > Radio and TV Mart? have been controversial endeavors, popular with many
Cuban Americans who want Cubans on the island to receive alternative sources
of information. But the two stations have been plagued by morale problems.
They get little congressional oversight and are generally seen as
ineffective in penetrating the jamming by the Castro regime.
> >
> > Radio Mart? began broadcasting in 1985 on medium wave and short wave. In
the past several years, criticism has soared that its programming had become
stale -- sometimes lacking in elemental news judgment. In May 2002, Radio
Mart? delayed a broadcast of a historic speech in Havana by former President
Jimmy Carter calling for political change.
> >
> > On April 1, the White House replaced Radio Mart?'s chief, Salvador Lew,
with another executive, Pedro Roig.
> >
> > Among recent changes to brighten the station's programming are
broadcasts of Major League baseball games.
> >
> > A White House statement said the Tuesday night broadcasts ``used a
transmission platform that we believe is not susceptible to Cuban jamming.
We are currently evaluating the results of that transmission.''
> >
> > The administration did not say how often it would use the EC-130 plane
to beam the radio and TV signals.
> >
> > ''We may not want to do it every day,'' the official said. ''We realize
this puts some binds on the audience.'' But he said the administration will
allot the money necessary to make the signals more effective on a constant
> >
> > Both Radio and TV Mart? have transmitted from the Florida Keys. The TV
Mart? signal is sent from a balloon tethered 10,000 feet above Cudjoe Key at
a low angle toward Cuba that is easily blocked.
> >
> > The EC-130 aircraft used in the test Tuesday is the same type of
aircraft that beamed signals to Iraqis during the war, a Pentagon official
> >
> >
> >

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